The word bra comes from the German language, literally it means "supporting the breast". This piece of underwear helps women to protect this part of the body, maintain shape and move more actively.
Surprisingly, this seemingly simple thing has been invented several times in the history of mankind. Even in antiquity, women wore bandages that supported their breasts.
But bras as such were first patented in France in 1889 by Ermini Cadol, then in 1891 and 1895 in Germany, and finally in 1914 in the USA. Throughout its existence, bras have undergone many changes, recognized to improve their capabilities.
These devices even went through a wave of emancipation, when they were simply burned, considering the main attribute of gender inequality. Today bras occupy an important place in the life of a modern woman.
There are several types of such a subject; certain studies are constantly being published about its benefits or harms. Let's deal with some of the myths about bras.
The perfect and healthy breasts depend on the bra. Many people are mistaken when they think that naturally beautiful breasts will always be flawlessly shaped. Weight loss or obesity with age, breastfeeding and hormonal changes affect the shape and size of the breasts. In the life of every woman there comes a period when breasts, even small ones, lose their former attractiveness. This is due to age physiology, when the muscles of the body and chest have become less strong and elastic. The laws of physics also play an important role - the law of universal gravitation, because all living things tend to the earth. With age, breasts can sag and take on an unattractive shape. Correctly selected bra will help to cope with this problem and slow down this process.
The shape of the breast depends on the bra. An improperly fitted bra can cause sagging breasts, even if they were originally well shaped. During sports (fitness), women's breasts are subjected to severe tests and this can lead to sagging and stretch marks. Therefore, for training, women need a special sports bra that not only supports, but even slightly compresses the breasts. This bra fixes her well, preventing swaying when running and jumping. An alternative is sports jerseys with extra bust support. In France, a group of scientists conducted a study - women who are constantly involved in sports and fitness were asked not to wear special bras for training. A group of 250 people was selected for this study. Full breast measurements were taken on all women. A year later, repeated measurements were carried out, which showed that in most women, after playing sports, the chest muscles became more toned and looked younger. So every woman can do as she wants.
All girls need to have bras of several sizes. A bra of a certain size and design, the stiffness of the cups will fit differently for each girl. It depends on the shape of her breasts. Bra size may vary depending on its model. It is known that the parameters of each woman's breasts are subject to cyclical changes. Every month during the premenstrual period and during its course, the breasts are filled and become more sensitive, so the tightening underwear causes discomfort. Breast size is affected by contraception. If you stop taking oral contraceptives, your breasts may become smaller and your bra will become large.
There are "invisible" bras. Some women are not shy and like to flaunt their underwear. And in some cases there is a need to hide its presence. Lingerie designers have developed various options for "invisible" or less visible bras. For women who are not too curvy, a bustier bra is suitable. Bustier - underwired bra with or without detachable straps, combined with a short corset (a little short of the waist) made of dense fabric, stitched for rigidity with strong "bones". Its purpose is to give shape not only to the chest, but also to the entire upper body. If the extension of the bra does not fit tightly, then this is no longer a bustier, but a bra-combination. The bodice cups reveal half of the chest to be worn over a dress with a deep neckline that opens the back.
The "second skin" model (second skin - English) is sewn from soft elastic flesh-colored fabric, which gives the effect of no bra. It is recommended to wear it under translucent blouses and tight-fitting blouses. "Delta bust" is not visible on the body even in a revealing outfit due to the fact that it is made of transparent thin viscose. At the same time, it keeps the shape of the breast well. The latest in lingerie technology is seamless bras that provide the support you need. These bras are extremely comfortable, because they are able to conform to the shape of the body under the influence of body temperature, creating a "second skin" effect. In many models of bras, there is a change of straps for thinner ones, of a different shade, or even silicone ones - which are transparent and practically invisible against the skin background.
A bra can warm you in cold weather. What lingerie manufacturers do not invent to surprise us: they experiment with shapes and materials, colors and compositions, supply lingerie with all kinds of accessories, light bulbs, gps sensors and other high-tech gadgets, and so on and so forth. The German company "WarmX" joined this fashion for "modernization", which presented a line of underwear with electric heating. It runs on batteries for two to five hours. Such underwear, capable of warming up on cold winter evenings, is intended for both women and men. In the future, the company promises to produce other items of clothing that will be supplied with electricity. The latest developments of designers are bras made from ecological fur, with a helium filling: it is placed in the microwave for a few seconds so that you can not be afraid of cold weather. So, perhaps, soon, when buying underwear, knowledge of electrical safety will be required from you, and you will need to ground yourself before changing clothes.
"Smart" underwear will tell you when to have sex. Every day the industry offers us more and more new models and shapes of bras and is moving towards "smart", if not talking underwear. A bra that changes color at the time of ovulation has appeared, thanks to the invention of the chemical industry, the fabric reacts to the composition of the sweating of the female body. This is a signal for action - attention, you can conceive a child! Another group of engineers has developed a “smart” bra, equipped with heat-sensitive sensors that detect changes in body temperature at the slightest sexual arousal. At the same time, he automatically lifts the breasts, which looks even more seductive. As soon as the love heat subsides, the breast takes on its previous shape.
Special bra for alcohol. The flight of fantasies for inventors is not limited. For fans of football matches in the United States, where the use of strong drinks in a public place is punishable by law, they came up with an "alcoholic drink". Your favorite drink is poured into the cavity of the cups to raise your mood. You can drink the drink through a tube pulled out of your armpit. The volume of the breast in such a bra doubles, due to the capacity of a whole bottle of wine. So the benefits of this invention are twofold.
A balconette is suitable for small breasts. This bra got its name due to the peculiarities of its design in the form of an almost even, horizontal strip. In this bra, the breasts are half-submerged in the cups, shaped like balconies. They are boned to support the chest well. It is customary to combine these bras with a low-cut bodice of the dress, which opens the chest and exposes the shoulders, like a neckline. This is facilitated by removable shoulder straps. If the dress has thin straps, then you can wear a bra with straps, but then they should be transparent. This bra has only one drawback - this lingerie is really only suitable for those with a small bust, as it does not support heavy breasts well.
Bra for men. Japanese online lingerie store Wishroom has offered customers a novelty - a men's bra! And in the two weeks since the start of sales, about 300 pieces of the bra have been sold at a price of 2,900 yen (about $ 30). Outwardly, the bra looks like a women's size zero - with straps and a lock on the back and is almost invisible under clothes. Available in three colors - white, black and pink. The emergence of such "male" underwear has caused a lot of controversy in Japan. According to the sellers, they receive letters from many men who say that they have been waiting for such "underwear" for a long time. The other side of this invention is to help people with gynecomastia. This disease manifests itself in an unexpected and unprovoked increase in the mammary glands in men. Inconvenience is purely aesthetic, which affects male self-esteem. A bra for such men will help hide this annoying lack of figure.
You can wear a bra for up to 12 hours. Breast doctors recommend women not to abuse wearing a bra, even if it is comfortable and well-sized. The mammary glands and the delicate skin that surrounds them need to rest. After a long day at work, give your chest a light massage before bed.
When breastfeeding, a change of bra is required. The amount of required underwear is determined by your financial ability, but it is desirable to have at least two of them. Especially in the first months of feeding, when the likelihood of pouring milk into the laundry is high. And staying in dirty and stinking laundry will cause discomfort and is not hygienic, moreover. At the same time, after the end of breastfeeding, your breasts will return to their previous size, and the need for this underwear will disappear.
Ideal bra for pregnant and lactating women. The ideal bra for a pregnant woman is a soft hygroscopic material (cotton or microfiber), it has good supportive ability and size regulation (between the 3rd and 5th and between 6th and 9th months, the breasts increase by about 2 size). If you can't find a special bodice for expectant mothers, choose a model with wide doubled straps made of slightly stretchable fabric. For feeding, there are several options for unfastening designs: on straps (buttons), in front (hooks), on cups (zipper). If you buy this bra in advance, between the 7th and 8th months of pregnancy, please take one size larger than you need at that moment. If you do not use a special bra while breastfeeding your baby, which supports well a breast full of milk, then it is possible that it will sag and then, without the help of a plastic surgeon, you will definitely not return the breast shape after childbirth. Therefore, do not miss this important moment when you leave the maternity hospital and start caring for your baby - wear a bra all the time.