The apple is a multi-seeded fruit with non-expanding fruit of a number of plants of the Rosaceae family. Apples are still found in the wild in their homeland - the modern territory of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. Their size, depending on the species, can vary from a small pea to a ball 15 centimeters in diameter.
It is customary to distinguish apple varieties according to their ripening time - summer, autumn, winter. Apples contain organically acids (malic, tartaric, citric), sugars (glucose, sucrose, etc.), vitamins C, E, A, B1, B2, carotene, tannins and pectin substances, trace elements (iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium , phosphorus, sodium), essential oil.
Everyone can eat apples. People with digestive system disorders, depending on medical indications, need to select apple varieties that are most suitable for their properties. So, with gastritis, it is best to eat sweet and sour apples, with acute colitis - sweet ones. Raw apples are generally contraindicated for ulcers - it is best to replace them with baked or pickled fruits.
Apples are best eaten raw. True. During heat treatment, they lose up to 70 percent of their useful properties.
The peel of apples is very healthy. A medium-sized apple with skin contains 3.5 grams. insoluble fiber (the body needs to consume 35 grams per day), which remove cholesterol from the blood. Other fibers, already soluble, called pectin, help flush excess cholesterol from the liver. Apple peel also contains a significant amount of the antioxidant quercetin, which, in combination with vitamin C, prevents free radicals from harming the body, and, therefore, protects it from malignant tumors (cancer).
Apple bones are dangerous. Partly. Apple seeds contain dangerous hydrocyanic acid, so you can eat no more than 3-4 seeds per day. However, if you need iodine contained in the seeds of these "heavenly" fruits, then the above norm will cover the body's need for iodine by almost 100 percent.
Green apples are healthier than red ones. Indeed, they contain an order of magnitude more vitamin C.
Apples don't get fat. Low in calories and rich in fructose, apples inhibit the conversion of carbohydrates into fats, have a mild diuretic effect and make the eater feel full.
Dried apples are just as healthy as fresh ones. Indeed, they contain from 8 to 15% of easily digestible sugars and up to 0.5% of various mineral salts.
Apples are recognized as one of the powerful antioxidants. British scientists have found that people who regularly eat apples are less likely to suffer from respiratory diseases, have healthier lungs and are less susceptible to various harmful impurities (including tobacco smoke) in the air.
Rejuvenating apples are only in fairy tales. Nowadays, apples have been proven to be effective in preventing aging. They have a beneficial effect on most of the body's systems, from the cardiovascular to the digestive system. Apples are especially useful for people engaged in mental work and leading a sedentary lifestyle.
Apples cannot be used for cosmetic purposes. Can! And how. The beneficial substances contained in apples prevent the appearance of wrinkles and stimulate hair growth. Grated apples make excellent masks for skin that needs a moisturizing effect.
Apples are good for teeth. Hardly. Sweet varieties of apples often cause tooth decay due to the particular strong combination of acids and sugar inside the fruit. Experts from the British Dental Association, for example, advise you to postpone brushing your teeth for half an hour after eating an apple. To avoid problems with the teeth, it is best to eat apples before or during meals.