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Norway

Norway

Norway (or the Kingdom of Norway) is located in Northern Europe. The name of the Kingdom comes from the Old Scandinavian word, which means "the way to the north".

According to data for 2009, the Kingdom of Norway was the first in the world list of the most prosperous countries.

Oslo is the capital of the Kingdom of Norway. The seat of government is in Oslo. Norway is a constitutional monarchy. The form of government in Norway is unitary.

Norwegian is the official language of the state. Evangelical Lutheranism is the state religion of the Kingdom of Norway, and in accordance with the law, it must be professed by at least half of the ministers and the King of Norway.

The Kingdom of Norway is inextricably linked with seafaring and seafood. In the coastal towns of the country, you can taste such delicious seafood that is difficult to find in the whole world.

Norway is "the way to the north". This is how the word "Norway" is translated, although not everyone knows about it. The country got its name due to the fact that in ancient times its territory was completely covered with snow and ice.

Norway has a harsh climate. This is a misconception, since the climate in this country is currently very favorable. Winters in Norway are mild and summers are warm. Even in winter, the sea off the coast of Norway does not freeze (largely due to the warm current of the Gulf Stream), and in summer orchards bloom in the Kingdom with might and main.

Norway is a densely populated state. On the contrary, the Kingdom of Norway is the least populated European state - the population is distributed at a density of twelve people per square kilometer. However, the population is very unevenly distributed throughout Norway - more than one fifth of the population lives in the southern part of the country, and more than eighty percent of the population is located in Eastern, Western and Southern Norway, with almost half of the population concentrated in Eastern Norway. The urban population of Norway is 78%.

Norway is a mono-national country. In the total population, Norwegians make up 95%. Among national minorities: Sami (the largest minority - about forty thousand people), Russians, Jews, Gypsies, Swedes, Kvens. The number of immigrants to Norway (including Russians) has been increasing since the 1990s.

Nature is the most important Norwegian attraction. Indeed, not all countries of the world can be proud of such an amazing nature, which has preserved its primordiality over large areas. One second of the state's territory is occupied by mountains, which represent the most untouched part of the environment. Thanks to its natural beauty, Norway offers a varied vacation experience. This includes rafting down the rivers, and visiting caves, and hiking on glaciers, and much, much more. Fans of extreme sports can go on an air trip on hang gliders, thereby observing the beauty of the scenery from above. All cities in Norway are surrounded by stunningly beautiful nature.

Norway is a country of active winter recreation. His followers come here from all over Europe. And of course, first of all we are talking about skiing - Norway gives you the opportunity to try yourself in completely different ski styles. Fans of freestyle, snowboarding, cross-country racing and others will feel deep satisfaction from their visit to Norway. It is worth noting the fact that the Kingdom is the birthplace of skiing, this state can be called a country of winter sports. The first competition in downhill skiing took place in Norway in 1897, some distance from the current Norwegian capital. Currently, the country has a huge number of well-equipped ski resorts, and in 1994, one of the Norwegian cities (Lillehammer) hosted the Winter Olympic Games. The most famous ski resorts include the following: Hemsedal, Quifjell, Gausdal, Geilo, Gala, etc.

Norway is inseparable from the sea. Wherever you are in this country, the presence of the sea is felt everywhere. "Resort paradise" - so the Norwegians affectionately called the coastal area. A tourist who wants to taste a piece of this paradise is preferable to go to the southern part of the country - to Sørlandet. This area has earned a reputation as a magnificent archipelago. There is everything here: seagulls soaring over the heated water and excellent beaches, sheer cliffs, the opportunity to swim on a wooden steamer cruising between the islands among reefs and bays. If you decide to go on a sea voyage, then the best place to start is Bergen. Your path can go to the northern Norwegian border - Kirkenes. The fjords cutting the coastline will keep the Bergen - Kirkenes - Bergen route in the traveler's memory for a long time, in addition, having gone on such a journey, everyone can see with their own eyes the elements of the life of the Norwegian coast.

Kirkenes is a city of two languages. Of course, not quite so. But the signs prescribe the names of city streets in both Norwegian and Russian. This is not surprising, because one out of ten residents of Kirkenes comes from the Russian Federation (Russian speech is common in this city).

Fjords are the pride of Norway. The fjords are the first thing that remains in memory after visiting Norway. Fjords are high cliffs. The landscapes of the west coast are especially beautiful. The fjords stand out from the sea and create an unforgettable experience. Moreover, the fjords of the Kingdom have earned the status of the most beautiful fjords in the world, and this is no coincidence, because many of them also have branches that increase their picturesqueness. The largest fjord in the world is located north of the Norwegian city of Bergen - this is the Sognefjord.

The Geiranger Fjord is a wonderful place on Earth. So beautiful that it has gained popularity among tourists from all over the world. The landscapes of this narrow fjord are extraordinarily beautiful: the northern nature, the turquoise color of the waters filling the fjord. The desire to get photographs of these places attracts professional photographers and amateurs from all over the world to the fjord.

The Nrøyfjord will give tourists the opportunity to feel like they are in a tunnel. The excursion will be remembered by tourists for the close location of the rocks that form the shores of the fjord in relation to each other. It is this circumstance that gives the feeling of being in a tunnel. Coolness blows from the rocks, and the sun's rays penetrate here in very small quantities even on a cloudless day. Small mountain villages that dot the shores of this fjord give these places a picturesque effect. They are in full view. Spring is the best time, because the charm of the blooming gardens in these villages evokes the most positive emotions. Nature has awarded this region with numerous water cascades and waterfalls.

Troll Road is one of the tourist routes in Norway. It is possible to get on it by swimming to the other side of the Geiranger fjord. The name of the route is due to the fact that all the tourist attractions of Norway that appear in front of a tourist on this route were named after trolls - characters from a fairy tale. On the way along the "Troll Road" you can admire the picturesque waterfall called Stigfossen (or Stepped), as well as catch your gaze on the horizon at the Trolltindan mountains. Legend has it that trolls go to these mountains in search of brides. Distant mountains keep more than one secret from prying eyes.

Norway is the owner of the largest fjord in the world. The cliffs of the Sognefjord rise more than six hundred meters above the sea waters and are immersed in their depths by one thousand three hundred meters. The bay has an extraordinary shape. Its length exceeds two hundred kilometers, and its width varies from one and a half to six kilometers. The Sognefjord is a natural wonder.

Norway has the largest glacier in Europe. This is the Joustedalsbreen glacier, located between the Nordfjord and the world famous Sognefjord. An excursion to this glacier is very exciting. Its length is one hundred kilometers, width - fifteen kilometers, and in distant times it was also connected with the Yustefon glacier. 2083 meters above sea level is the highest point of the Justedalsbreen glacier.

Norway is home to coral reefs. This is proof that reefs are not the hallmark of warm seas. And although from thirty to fifty percent of coral reefs were destroyed by fishermen at one time (they are destroyed by deep nets), reefs still stretch along the entire Norwegian coast. Currently, ecologists are trying to find an optimal solution to the above problem.

Norway is a country of waterfalls. There are no such waterfalls as in the Kingdom in all of Europe. The most famous Norwegian waterfalls are "Twinfossen", "Kjusfossen", "Voringsfossen", "Bridegroom", "Bridal Veil", "Briksdalsfossen", "Stigfossen", "Seven Sisters". More than a hundred waterfalls delight the eyes of locals and tourists. The highest waterfall is the Voringsfossen waterfall. The height of the fall of its water is equal to one hundred and eighty-three meters.

Oslo is an industrial Norwegian center. The capital of the Kingdom in the eyes of a person who sees it for the first time can be reflected as a deep province. This impression is made by the absence of land roads. But if they are not on the ground, this does not mean that they are not there at all - the roads are underground. On the other hand, on the city streets you can see their owners - roller skaters and cyclists. Oslo is not only an industrial center in Norway, but also a commercial and port one. This city is home to the country's main concert halls, operas, theaters, museums and major art gatherings. There is a lot to see in Oslo. Firstly, it is Arkeshus - a medieval fortress, which was built around 1300. This castle amazes its visitors - Arkeshus is endowed with a gloomy dungeon and luxurious upper floors. The small chambers of the dungeon were intended to be kept under the castle of the medieval nobility. Secondly, this is Vigeland Park. Here you can relax by the shady trees and ponds with ducks, which are drowning in the surrounding green vegetation. The Vigeland Museum is located in the immediate vicinity of this park. The National Theater is also worth a visit.

Oslo is a city of museums. "Kon-Tiki" - in this museum, the visitor can look at the finds that are attributed to the expeditions of Thor Heyerdahl. Above a ten-meter whale shark there is a Kon-Tiki raft, a papyrus boat Ra, sculptures made of stone from Easter Island and much more. The Fram Ship Museum will present the Fram ship itself. This ship was built in 1982. Its history includes a journey to the southernmost point of the Earth and three polar expeditions. As an exhibit, the ship retained all the equipment, the interior is also presented in its original form. There is an ethnographic museum in the open air of the Kingdom. It is one of the largest museums of its kind in Europe. The Norwegian Ethnographic Museum presents over one hundred and fifty different buildings from different parts of the Kingdom. The exhibits of the Viking Ship Museum are carts, sleighs, boats and boats preserved from the Viking Age. Some of the exhibits date back to the ninth century.

Norway has its own Paris. "Northern Paris" - this is the name of the city of Tromsø, which is the capital of Northern Norway. "North Paris" is located on the coast of the Arctic Ocean. Tromsø is home to the northernmost university in the world. The sights of this amazing city include the Arctic Cathedral, the Polar Museum, the Marine Aquarium, the Tromsø Museum, and there are an unusually large number of all kinds of bars and restaurants in the city. Nightlife lovers can visit one of the city clubs. The city center is an ideal spot for big fish - the streets are full of fishing huts and small boats.

Oslo is not the only Norwegian capital. The ancient capital of the kingdom is the city of Trondheim. By Norwegian standards, this city belongs to large cities and among them it is the northernmost. G. Trondheim is very different from other cities, first of all we are talking about the low buildings of the city and its wide streets. The "white nights" give a special spirit - they are much stronger than in the official Norwegian capital and St. Petersburg. The city of Trondheim has a long history, therefore it has a rich cultural heritage - the cathedral of the twelfth century is striking in its size, the Ringve Music Museum and the Archbishop's Palace belong to the same century.

The Norwegian Aquarium of the southern part of Cape Nornes is the pride of the Kingdom. Located near the city of Bergen, the Aquarium is the oldest and largest in the country. It includes a huge collection of marine fauna, which undoubtedly has the right to be proud of (it is not in vain that they know about it throughout Europe). The aquarium contains forty-two small aquariums and nine large ones. There are three open sea water aquariums, where you can even see crocodiles and penguins.

Norway is a country with peculiar traditions. However, like any other country. However, Norway is really special in many ways. For example, in the manner of building dwellings. The obligatory elements of the interior of a Norwegian home are amazingly decorated forks, grips, cauldrons, etc. In every home there are beautiful metal candlesticks, skillfully decorated knife cuttings. Since the eighteenth century, painting with paints on wood has become widespread in Norway - biblical scenes, fruits and flowers were painted on the walls of chests, doors. Family and social life, Norwegian folklore are also unique. A large number of utensils (mugs, ladles, spoons, plates), as well as furniture, were made of wood. Since the medieval era, artistic handicrafts have been developing in Norway, jewelry and blacksmith's art, made in the past centuries, are still admired.

Gorda are Norwegian rural settlements. A more precise definition associates the proud with a complex of buildings of economic and residential importance. The number of such buildings in one town, as a rule, does not exceed twenty. Such rural settlements are unique, which is why ethnographers are interested in them. The latter are bought up proudly to create open-air museums.

Since ancient times, the Norwegians have been building log buildings. The residential building includes several rooms, which are located on two or three floors. The well-to-do peasants have a dwelling house equipped with a fireplace. The first floor of the house is occupied by a living room and a winter kitchen; the next are bedrooms. Sheds are being built near the drainage basins, which are installed on vertical logs of low height. These sheds are used to store boats and fishing equipment, as well as for drying and subsequent storage of fish. Such Norwegian dwellings look unusually picturesque even today. They are painted in traditional colors: blue, green or red; have white platbands.

Bunad is the folk dress of the Norwegians. There are several options for its cut and a rich palette of colors. The latter is especially characteristic of the female costume.Currently, this traditional garment is only worn at weddings or major holidays.

The wedding is the most important ceremony in Norway. Marriage is prescribed by mutual disposition to each other, and the average age for marriage for women is twenty-two to twenty-three years, and the average age for marriage for men is twenty-five years. Young people officially become the bride and groom only after the betrothal ceremony, but the wedding is played when the groom is able to support the family. The birth of children is a big event in the life of a young couple; a few days after the birth, the child is baptized in a pickaxe. It is a widespread tradition in Norway to give a child the name of one of his most beloved relatives.

Norwegian cuisine is typical of the Nordic countries. The following foods predominate in the diet of Norwegians: fish, cereals, dairy products, meat. Norwegians very often cook fish and meat soups; their dining tables almost always have dried, salted or fried fish. Norwegians often eat cottage cheese and various hard cheeses. Norwegian cuisine usually has few fresh produce. Norwegians tend to eat quite heavy food. For a very long period of time, vegetable oil was practically not used in Norway, and all cooking was based on butter. Traditional European cuisine came to Norway in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Currently, Norwegians are actively using a variety of spices in cooking.

Norwegians are patriotic people. This is why it is not uncommon to see the Norwegian flag waving both in the countryside and in the city. And the Norwegians are also very hospitable, many of them know English, which eliminates some difficulties in communicating with these people. Before coming to Norway, take some time to study the rules of conduct and etiquette. For example, even at three in the morning it is necessary to cross the road in a strictly established place.

Norway is a country that respects the environment. In any public places, including on the streets, the consumption of alcoholic beverages and smoking are prohibited. Norwegians generally do not accept the situation when garbage is thrown directly onto the road, therefore, a rather large fine is provided for such a violation. And in the period from April fifteenth to September fifteenth in Norway, you cannot make fires. These are the ways that the Norwegians are fighting for their ecology.

Norway is a country that recognizes the family as a very high value. After the birth of a son or daughter, even the father goes on maternity leave, which is limited to four weeks. Women and men are equal in their rights. Family traditions are so important in Norway that it is almost impossible to meet someone on the city streets at 6 pm. At this time, lights are turned on in all the houses, and the whole family starts dinner. Husbands are very caring, they are excellent family men.

Norway values ​​its holidays very much. Even the embassy is closed on holidays. Crowds of people in traditional folk costumes can be seen on the streets of Norwegian cities. The celebration of Christmas is treated with special respect in this country. On this day, the Norwegian flag is hoisted to the top of the Christmas tree! Another holiday that is very much appreciated in the Kingdom of Norway is July 23rd - Mid-Summer's Eve.

Car is the cheapest form of transport. This is not true. For Norway, one of the cheapest modes of transport is airplane. Paradoxically, this type of transport is not the fastest, which is explained by the fact that the plane is forced to make more than one landing to disembark passengers. It is much more convenient to travel by plane from one part of the country to another than by other means of transport, because Norway, figuratively speaking, is mountains and waters. The main means of transportation (absolutely inexpensive) in this country is a bicycle (in any weather).

Norway is a country of disciplined drivers. A possible reason for this is high fines levied for even a slight speeding (for example, if the driver exceeded the speed by five kilometers per hour, he will have to pay at least one hundred dollars). It should be noted that speed cameras are not hidden from drivers - special signs warn them about this. In Norway, drivers must always keep their headlights on - this is the traffic law. The death rate from road traffic accidents in this country is minimal.


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