Silk is a soft fabric made from threads obtained from the cocoon of a silkworm. Silk originally originated from China and was an important commodity that was transported to Europe along the Silk Road. The length of the silk thread reaches 800 - 1000m. The thread has a triangular cross-section and, like a prism, reflects light, which causes a beautiful shimmer and shine.
At present, China is the largest silk producer (about 50% of the total world production). India produces about 15% of the world's silk, followed by Uzbekistan (about 3%) and Brazil (about 2.5%). Iran, Thailand and Vietnam are also significant producers.
Silk production originated in China. Yes it is. The birthplace of silk is the cities of Hangzhou and Suzhou. For it they gave as much gold as the material itself weighed. The secret of making was revealed by the Byzantine emperor Justinian. In 550 A.D. he sent two monks to China on a secret mission. They returned two years later and brought silkworm eggs in hollow bamboo staves. So the secret of making silk was revealed, the monopoly was ended.
Natural silk is difficult to distinguish from artificial silk. No, it’s not. It is enough to pull out a couple of threads from the fabric and set them on fire. Singe strands of natural silk will smell like singed horn or wool. The baked lump is easily crushed like a coal. The polyester fabric will melt, and the resulting lump is firm and will not be crushed in your hands. Viscose smolders when burning, smells like burnt paper. In addition, natural silk is highly wrinkled.
Natural silk is insanely expensive. Not certainly in that way. You can buy silk for 100 euros per square meter. There are silk products that cost five thousand euros. The price depends on the quality of the fabric and the purpose of its use. In addition, the price does not guarantee anything, you need to rely only on your own experience.
Real silk is resistant to long-term use. With proper care (hand wash in water at a temperature of about 30 ° C with a mild detergent. Do not rub, do not wring out the fabric. Iron through an iron (this is the name of the fabric through which clothes are ironed) along the shared thread, temperature not higher than 130 ° C. Keep away from moisture, moth and light.Keep folded, bending as little as possible) silk items can withstand 7-12 years of use. In terms of strength, silk thread is not inferior to steel of the same diameter.
Natural silk is always smooth, shiny and slippery. Silk satin really has these properties. However, after machine washing, it looks like a delicate husky (neither polyester nor viscose gives such an effect). In addition, there are also non-slippery and non-shiny types of silk: wild silk, silk dyed with algae, silk knitwear, etc. Wild silk is obtained from the cocoons of the oak silkworm. Such silk is similar to linen or wool. It is durable, hygroscopic, and sometimes has dark blotches. In ancient China, only the emperor could afford clothing made of silk dyed with seaweed (due to the laborious manufacturing technology). The front side of such fabric is black, and the reverse side is brown, velvety and pleasant to the touch. This silk soothes skin irritation caused by psoriasis. Silk knitwear can be matte in appearance, like cotton or cashmere, shiny, reminiscent of synthetic knitwear.
Silk is the safest material for decoration. Especially such establishments as restaurants, nightclubs, etc. The fact is that if you extinguish a cigarette on a silk tablecloth, then it will not light up, will not smolder (like viscose), melt, flare up (like polyester). Only a hole is formed in the tablecloth. Silk is resistant to high temperatures and does not burn well. Does not emit toxic substances during combustion.
Silk is ideal for lingerie and clothing. Silk underwear is pleasant for the body, gentle and light. It is the amino acids that make up the fabric that make it pleasant to the touch. In addition, such underwear is hypoallergenic, does not attract dust, does not electrify (due to the presence of both positive and negative ions in silk), has an antibacterial effect, high hygienic properties. Silk fabrics absorb ultraviolet rays well. The tiny voids in the silk fiber absorb and evaporate most of the skin's moisture, providing a cool feeling in the heat.
Silk cannot be synthesized. Yes, that's right. This is called the mystery of silk. Scientists thoroughly know the formula of silk, its structure. But they cannot synthesize yet.
Buying silk bedding is a waste of money. It's cold and slippery. Firstly, among silk fabrics there are non-slip fabrics, such as crepe de Chine, wet silk, perfect for those who toss and turn a lot in their sleep. Wet silk is not easy to pull off the mattress. Secondly, you can sew an elastic band to the sheet, which will also prevent it from sliding off the bed. Contrary to the opinion about the coldness of silk bedding, we can say that silk is an excellent thermostat. In addition, it calms the nervous system and prevents insomnia. A person who uses silk bedding has less skin irritation and less splitting. All types of silk carry positive energy that we need so much.