Sugar is one of the most popular foods in our diet, but nonetheless very dangerous. Everyone knows that excessive consumption of this sweetness is bad for health.
We do not even suspect that there is so much sugar in products that, as a result, the average person eats about 22 teaspoons of such a substance per day. Isn't that enough? But don't panic, because most sugar fears are just myths.
It is worth figuring out whether we have a correct idea about this product? Is sugar really so bad that it should be completely eliminated from the diet?
Sugar is unhealthy, so it shouldn't be consumed. Nutritionists say that there is a so-called "hidden" sugar. He hides in ready-made food products, and we often do not even suspect it. Meanwhile, manufacturers generously add sugar to various products, in the same home cooking without it anywhere. As a result, we get much more sugar than our body needs. If you consume carbonated water, and generally eat sweets, then the use of healthy foods will decrease. Such a person will eventually gain extra pounds, begin to experience problems with the stomach and other digestive organs. You should not stigmatize sugar, because proper nutrition without overeating, with the presence of healthy foods in the diet, allows you to pamper yourself with a sweet dessert. And it will even benefit - there will be no harm to the figure, but the mood will improve.
Most of the sugar comes from sweets and candies. There are people who see the main source of sugar in sweets, categorically refusing to use them. In fact, everything is not so simple. Sugar enters the body from various drinks and even sauces. For example, one tablespoon of regular tomato sauce contains a whole teaspoon of sugar. So the enemy is not that obvious.
The sugar found in sweets and candies is completely different than in fruits. All sweet fruits contain exactly the same sugar composition as in the sweets we are used to. But the concentration in fruits and berries is much less. In addition, when entering our body, it also brings with it useful vitamins and minerals. The same sugar that we get, for example, with cookies, because of its higher concentration, burns more slowly. As a result, the blood sugar level rises, and then the pressure. It was the difference in the rate of absorption that gave rise to this myth, but there is no difference in the type of sugar.
Sugar consumption leads to diabetes. It is foolish to deny a direct link between sugar and diabetes. However, the most common type of disease, the second, appears due to overeating of any foods, not just sugar-containing ones. The more food enters the body, the more glucose, and therefore insulin, is required to process it. This disease does not appear instantly, the process is extended over time. There will come a time when the cells are unable to absorb excess insulin. This will lead to a jump in blood sugar levels, and diabetes develops. And although they talk about diabetes, sugar in this case is clearly not the main culprit of the disease.
Sugar causes the skin to age prematurely. But such a statement just finds support from specialists. Collagen protein, which is able to bind to sugar, is responsible for the youthfulness and elasticity of the skin. As a result, this process does not have a very good effect on the condition of the skin. Collagen begins to gradually lose its properties, this is manifested in accelerated aging and aging of the skin.
Sugar makes a person hyperactive. The fact that sweets lead to hyperactivity is talked about a lot and often. As proof of this fact, children are cited who gorge themselves on candies and cakes at the holidays and begin to rage, breaking out of the control of adults. This gave rise to the opinion that children should not be given sweets at night, because they will not be able to calm down. But studies have shown that hyperactivity is not at all associated with the amount eaten, but with the release of adrenaline into the blood, which occurs due to excitement and excitement. So do not expect that the cake eaten before the start of sports competitions will move you to records.
People get fat because of sugar. Many people believe that if you drastically limit your sugar intake, you can quickly lose weight. This opinion is wrong. If the diet is balanced, then sugar itself will not add extra pounds, because carbohydrates will not turn into fat. It turns out that sugar is even lower in calories than protein or alcohol. Where did this myth come from? Once in the body, sugar makes you feel tired and hungry, because insulin levels drop. So the excessive consumption of sugar only generates an increased appetite, and this already leads to weight gain. If you want to lose weight, then you should limit your fat intake. The assimilation and breakdown of sugar in the body is involved in the pancreas, which produces insulin. If it works smoothly, then there will be no fattening. But the body is able to process a certain amount of sugar per day - 50-60 grams, which corresponds to 10-12 spoons. Taking into account the sugar content in various products, in its pure form, doctors recommend using no more than two teaspoons a day.
Sugar is different. There are really many types, varieties of sugar and its names. Sometimes sucrose, maltose, lactose, glucose, molasses, honey, fructose, palm, cane and brown sugar, corn syrup ... But they all affect our body in the same way. As a result, a person realizes that it is rather difficult to live without all these sugars. So you have to observe the measure so as not to harm the body.
Better to use brown, cane sugar. Recently, cane sugar has become especially popular. Doctors say that it contains more nutrients needed for the nervous and cardiovascular system than refined sugar. In fact, this is not always the case, and besides, not all brown sugar is cane sugar. Consumers, on the other hand, buy sugar based on the color, not the origin of the product. Recent studies have shown that there is really very little cane sugar in Russia. A fake can only be distinguished by dipping a lump of sugar in boiling water and stirring it there. If the water turns yellow, then this is a fake - this cannot happen with real cane sugar. In this case, we are talking about emitted brown sugar.
Brown sugar is a slow carbohydrate. Today it has become fashionable to consume uncommon brown sugar. In addition, it is generally accepted that such a product belongs to slow carbohydrates. Therefore, this sugar is absorbed by the body very slowly, and therefore does not turn into fat. This myth is profitable to promote brown sugar producers who demonstrate its elitism and environmental friendliness. Nutritionists believe that such a product contains unwanted impurities, and it itself is more high-calorie.
Sugar addiction exists. In fact, if there is addiction, then it is certainly not sugar, but starchy. Why are people so addicted to sweets? It's all about genetics, a person is programmed so by nature. Now progress has given us the ability to count calories, and previously the sweet taste signaled to people that this food is filling and rich in nutrients, that it is not poisonous. Scientists, however, have discovered a gene that is responsible for love and cravings for sweets. However, it is still possible to train yourself to eat less sugar. The same chocolate bar should be divided into three parts, eating them not immediately, but within three days. The body needs sugar, you just need to remember about the measure.
Sugar-free and life will be sweeter. There are also people who are ready to give up sugar completely. But Polish doctors have proven that the lack of sugar in the diet will be harmful. The fact is that glucose activates blood circulation in the spinal cord and brain. So with the cessation of sugar intake, sclerotic changes will begin. As a result, this can lead over time to the onset of degenerative processes. Atherosclerotic plaques will begin to form, and the motor activity of the joints will begin to decrease. Russian doctors believe that sugar helps the liver and spleen in their work. Therefore, people with diseases of these organs are even assigned a diet in which special attention is paid to sweets.
Instead of natural sugar, it is better to use a substitute, artificial analogue. Losing weight with a substitute will not work, you should not indulge yourself with hope. After all, each tablet contains about the same number of calories as a spoonful of sugar. It is worth considering the fact that the substitute was invented specifically for diabetics, but such a diet for a healthy person may even be harmful. Some sweeteners, if misused, can even cause health problems. It should also be borne in mind that this product is still synthetic. As a result, the reaction of the kidneys and liver to it may be negative. It is believed that sugar substitutes may even be cancer progressors.
Soda contains a lot of sugar. When we drink sweet carbonated water, we don't even know how much sugar it contains. And you can check this fact and make sure yourself. To do this, pour the soda into a saucepan and place it on the stove. When the water evaporates, a dark liquid mass will remain at the bottom. It is essentially a concentrated sugar syrup. By measuring its volume, you can find out that half a liter of carbonated water is dissolved as much as half a glass of granulated sugar. But this volume is one and a half times higher than the daily rate necessary for a person.
Sugar causes tooth decay. It is hard to deny the fact that sugary carbohydrates pass through the mouth first before entering the stomach. And if there is even a small hole, then sugar in it will become an excellent breeding ground for carious bacteria, usually streptococci. However, sugar is by no means the main one among the products that cause caries. Studies have shown that muffins, white bread, cookies and raisins are much more dangerous in this regard. So do not give up caramel or milk chocolate in their favor. It turned out that five minutes after consuming the same amount of oatmeal cookies and milk chocolate, only 1% of chocolate and 44% of oatmeal remained on the teeth. And the reason here is quite simple - viscous products often linger in the mouth, and it is they that eventually become the reason for visiting the dentist.